Tuesday, June 23, 2015

++ Trip to Germany & Austria | Day 5 to Salzburg, Austria

Day5 - Austria | Around Salzburg (sound of music)
- breakfast 2packs of maggi & burgerking pancake (pancake 1euro kot)
- take bus to saltmine (1euro perperson)(take bus at the berchtesgaden bus station towards salzburg(line 840))(The station Berchtesgaden is only about 1,4 km from saltmine visitor main entrance away. Thence you attain on a footpath with about 30 min. walking-time to salt mine. Or can take line 840)
- salt mine in berchtesgaden (16euro perperson)
- take bus from saltmine to salzburg (5.50euro)(busstop near saltmine-Line840)
- checked in Salzburg international youth hostel (YOHO) (At the main exit of the train station go out left - after a couple hundred meters you will come to a big crossing. on the right-hand side there is a gas station, on the left there is a train-underpass. Go through the train underpass (left side, gabelsbergerstrasse) and at the 2nd big crossing turn right. The 4th house on the right side is the YOHO (Paracelusstrasse 9) - that's it! (about 10 min walk)

salzburg 'sounds of music' tour (we only enter hohen fortress, others only watched from outside)
- Linzergasse Salzburg
- lunch at tokyo halal restaurant (13.60euro)
- The Residenzplatz
- Residenz Palace - Fürsterzbischöfliche Residenz
- New Residenz Neugebäude & Glockenspiel
- Salzburg Cathedral
- Kapitelplatz Square & sphaera at kapitelplatz
- Kapitelschwemme Horse Well
- hohensalzburg fortress (16euro-to take the cable car and enter the castle)
- St. Peter's Abbey (Erzabtei St. Peter & Friedhof)
- The Franciscan Church
- Alter Markt Square & Salzburg's smallest house
- Collegiate Church
- Sigmundstor Tunnel
- The Herbert-von-Karajan-Platz & Pferdeschwemme (horse well)
- bürgerspitalkirche st blasius
- Getreidegasse
- Dinner at nordsee (fish & prawn 14.50 euro)
- Dreifaltigkeitskirche - Trinity Church
- Mirabell Garden/Palace
- Andräkirche Church: Kirche St. Andrä
- overnight at Salzburg YOHO international youth hostel (23.52euro perperson for 1night)
The beginning of salt mining in Berchtesgaden
The chronicle of salt mining in Berchtesgaden goes back to the 12th century. In 1193, the salt mining starts on the Tuval near Schellenberg. In 1994, salt mining is mentioned on the Gollnbach in Berchtesgaden.
Founding of the current Salt Mine
In 1517, the Petersberg gallery is struck, thereby founding the Salt Mine Berchtesgaden by Prince-Provost Gregor. The brine created here is initially channelled to the Schellenberg Salt Works. In 1564, the Frauenreuth Salt Works initiates operations in Berchtesgaden.

Linzergasse Salzburg
Many of the quaint, old houses of the Linzergasse can trace their chronicles back to the 14th and 15th centuries and still bear witness to the efficient and industrious burghers of yesteryear. The devastating city fire of 1818, causing extensive damage to the right bank of the Salzach River, did not spare the Linzergasse but the wounds have meanwhile healed and the charming burgher houses - lovingly renovated - once again border this beautiful old district in Mozart's city.
The Linzergasse with its handicrafts and old shops, its countless restaurants and hostels and its unmatched local flair has always been the counterpart of its "Salzburger" sister, the elegant, international Getreidegasse on the other side of the river. For many centuries, those who needed a turner, a draper or butcher, a gunsmith or chain maker, a clockmaker, cooper or art metal worker, an apothecary and barber-surgeon, a gingerbread-maker and wax-chandler or even a bell-founder were at the right address in the Linzergasse. Coming from the "Platzl" at the Staatsbrücke, one's glance falls upon house number 3, where the natural scientist Theophratus Bombastus von Hohenheim, also called paracelsus, lived from 1540 to 1541.

The Residenzplatz
At the very heart of Salzburg's Old Town (Altstadt) on the left bank of the Salzach is the Residenzplatz, one of the city's largest squares and the best place from which to begin exploring the many tourist attractions this beautiful city has to offer. The focal point of the Residenzplatz is the stunning Residenzbrunnen, a masterpiece of marble made by an Italian sculptor in 1661 and the largest and finest Baroque fountain this side of the Alps. Standing 15 meters high with splendid figures of bold horses, along with the god Atlas bearing dishes, it also impresses with its dolphins and, crowning the whole display, a Triton with a conch shell. From here, it's easy to spend time relaxing in the terraced cafés and boutique shops lining the adjoining streets, or to jump right in and visit key attractions such as Salzburg Cathedral and the Residenz, the former palace of the city's Prince Bishops. The square is also frequently used for concerts and celebrations such as public New Year's Eve parties and an excellent Christmas Market.

Residenz Palace - Fürsterzbischöfliche Residenz
Residenz Palace is probably the most important historic building of Salzburg. This Baroque palace was the official residence of the Prince Archbishops of Salzburg until it was secularised and became part of Austria.

New Residenz Neugebäude & Glockenspiel
The Neue Residenz Palace or Residenz Neugebäude is located just to the opposite of the Residenz Palace's main entrance. It was originally built in 1588 by Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau for private purposes, but also to accommodate guests. Since then, it was remodelled and redecorated on several occasions.

Salzburg Cathedral
Salzburg's Cathedral is probably the city's most significant piece of church architecture and its ecclesiastical center. With its magnificent facade and mighty dome it represents the most impressive early Baroque edifice north of the Alps.Its origin is closely connected to the ecclesiastical principality's demeanour and growth.
A prominent building thanks to its twin 79-meter towers, Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom) was completed in 1657 and is famous for its Italian style and its role as the location of Mozart's baptism. The building's west front, facing the Domplatz, has four colossal marble statues, the outer ones representing St. Rupert and Virgil, patron saints of the province, while the inner ones depict Peter and Paul. Notable features include its three massive bronze doors with their symbols of Faith, Love, and Hope; the high altar with its Resurrection painted in 1628; and the superb frescoes in the vaulting. The burial vaults and artifacts in the crypt are also worth seeing, as is the Cathedral Museum with its collections of liturgical objects and objets d'art from the Salzburg archdiocese, including the 8th-century Carolingian Cross of St. Rupert, Gothic statues and paintings, and items from the Cathedral Treasury.

Kapitelplatz Square
The Kapitelplatz is a square in the Old Town (Altstadt) of Salzburg, situated right next to the Salzburger Dom cathedral and extending towards the Fortress. It is one of the biggest Baroque squares in Salzburg; the Kapitelplatz is well-known for the Kapitelschwemme, a Baroque horse well that is covered in a separate article.

Kapitelschwemme Horse Well
The Kapitelschwemme is a Baroque horse well at the Kapitelplatz Square in the Oldt Town of Salzburg, right next to the Salzburger Dom cathedral. It looks a bit like a mini-version of the Fontana di Trevi in Rome, which is probably the reason why many tourists throw coins into the shallow well.

Fortress Hohensalzburg
Hohensalzburg Fortress, built in 1077 by Archbishop Gebhard, considerably enlarged by Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach (1495-1519), largest, fully-preserved fortress in central Europe.
The fortress' symbol, the lion, holds the beetroot in its paws. One of the last extensive modifications was the addition of the great Kuenberg bastion.During its long history the Hohensalzburg Fortress has always remained unconquered by enemy troops.Having served as a fortification and temporary residence of the prince archbishops for many years, the fortress also served as military barracks and a prison.

St. Peter's Abbey (Erzabtei St. Peter & Friedhof)
The Frankish missionary Rupert (Hroudbert) came to Salzburg around 700 and founded St. Peter's Church and a monastery on the soil of what was once the Roman Juvavum. It remains the oldest continuously active monastery on German soil. they remain an impressive testament to the order's architectural skills, as can be seen in the building's tall onion-shaped tower, one of the first of its kind in Europe. Highlights include St. Peter's Churchyard (Friedhof St. Peter), an impressive burial ground surrounded on three sides by arcades and family tombs from the 17th century. To the south, it backs onto the sheer rock face of the Mönchsberg where you'll find Early Christian catacombs and St. Maximus' Chapel, hewn from the solid rock. A passage leads from the churchyard into the outer courtyard graced by St. Peter's Fountain (Petrusbrunnen) built in 1673, as well the Haydn memorial depicting the life and work of Johann Michael Haydn, brother of famed composer Joseph Haydn. Another important Salzburg landmark is Nonnberg Abbey, founded in 714 AD.

The Franciscan Church
To the north of St. Peter's Church stands the Franciscan Church (Franziskanerkirche), the town's parish church until 1635. Notable features of the exterior are the high roof of the choir and the tower on the south side from 1498, while inside, the dark 13th-century Romanesque nave contrasts with the high, bright 15th-century Gothic choir. In front of a ring of Baroque chapels dating from 1606 stands the high altar, added in 1709 and notable for its late 15th-century carved Madonna. In the central chapel behind the altar is a winged marble altar from 1561 from the old cathedral. Opposite the church is the still-operating Franciscan Friary.

Alter Markt Square & Salzburg's smallest house
"Alter Markt" means "old market" and this is exactly what it is: the old market square of Salzburg, just between the Getreidegasse and the Salzburger Dom. It was built in 1280 and unites a number of attractions.
The "Fürsterzbischöfliche Apotheke", the former court pharmacy, stands out with a beautiful Rococo façade, the chocolatier "Fürst" has its main shop here. Fürst is the inventor of the Mozartkugel and you can still purchase the originals here.
The Mozartkugeln (or: "Mozart Balls") are still  handmade, handwrapped and handsold for an exorbitant price. Look also for the Café Tomaselli, which is considered to be one of the most "Viennese" cafés of Austria, despite of not being in Vienna. However, most people walk by the house No. 10a without noticing it - it is the smallest house of Salzburg. Look at it. Laugh at it. Take a picture.

Collegiate Church
Upon founding the Benedictine University in Salzburg in 1623, Prince Archbishop Paris Lodron was the first to develop plans for the construction of a University Church. Its final construction, however, was a long time coming.
Professors and students only had one hall, the Aula academica, in which to hold services. The hall was also used for theater performances and other festivities. In 1694, over 70 years later, Archbishop Johann Ernst von Thun decided to build a large church to serve the University.
For its design he selected the most prominent Baroque architect of the time, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach. The construction of the Collegiate Church is considered Fischer von Erlach's most significant accomplishment. Its monumental size surpassed only by the Cathedral, the Collegiate Church with its grandiose façade is one of the most magnificent Baroque churches in Austria. Its unparalleled style later influenced late Baroque church architecture in southern Germany.

Festspielhäuser - Salzburg Festival Halls
The two Salzburg Festival Halls (Festspielhaus and Haus für Mozart) and the Felsenreitschule are the main stages for the world-famous Salzburg Festival, which attracts the rich and beautiful from all countries during summer and Easter and transforms Salzburg into "the stage of the World".

Sigmundstor Tunnel
Just between the Festival Halls and the Pferdeschwemme, you will find a tunnel connecting the Altstadt town centre with the city districts of Riedenburg, Maxglan and Leopoldskron. This tunnel is called Neutor or Siegmundstor and was built between 1764 and 1767.
The Siegmundstor tunnel is 135 metres long and oriented in a gentle angle to allow water to run out and light to penetrate deeper into the mountain. The entrance on the old town side bears an emblem with a portrait of Prince Archbishop Schrattenbach.

The Herbert-von-Karajan-Platz & Pferdeschwemme (horse well)
formerly Sigmund Place, is located in the Salzburg Old Town at the eastern end of Sigmund gate. against the face of the Mönchsberg in front of Sigmund's Gate.
Originally by Prince Archbishop Sigismund III. Christoph Graf Schrattenbach named, it was the end of the 20th Century after the world-famous conductors and performers of the Salzburg Festival, Herbert von Karajan (* 1908, † 1989) named.
In the place of the open university course , the Hofstallgasse that Sigmunds and Bürgerspitalgasse .
In the square there is the horse pond . Among the buildings that border on this place, which would Bürgerspital , the Grosses Festspielhaus , the Old University and the Hotel Goldener Hirsch to mention.

The Horse Pond
The magnificent Horse Pond was designed and built in 1693 by Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach in the course of building the facade for the royal stables. The central group, the "Horse Tamer" by Michael Bernhard Mandl, once stood in an oval basin axial to the portal of the royal stables. A separate palace façade with horse frescoes was located behind the portal.
The Horse Pond was restored in 1732 under Archbishop Firmian. The statue of the "Horse Tamer" was rotated 90 degrees and placed on a new base, a balustrade was placed around the basin. Josef Ebner painted horse frescoes on the rear wall modeled on Stradanus' engraving "Equite seu speculum equorum...".

bürgerspitalkirche st blasius
The former hospital church and today's Roman Catholic parish church of St. Blaise (which was sometimes referred to as the Holy Spirit Church) is located in Salzburg directly on Mönchsberg next to the eastern end of the Getreidegasse and next to the old Gstättentor in the old town and was a hospital church built. It is the Holy Cross Minster to Schwabisch Gmund the oldest hall church in southern Germany. The Church is a listed building and part of the UNESCO World Heritage historical center of the city of Salzburg .

The charm of this street, probably Salzburg's most famous shopping lane, is not only generated by the high, narrow houses tightly nestled together, the enticing shops and the wrought iron guild signs, but also to the romantic passageways and courtyards.
The name underwent an interesting transformation. Initially it was known as Trabegasse, Trabgasse or Travgasse, derived from "traben" (to trot). Later it transmuted to Tragasse, Traidgasse, Getreidgasse and finally to Getreidegasse.

Dreifaltigkeitskirche - Trinity Church
The Dreifaltigkeitskirche or Trinity Church is considered to be the most significant church in the "Neustadt" or "New City" near Linzergasse on the right side of the River Salzach relative to the Old City. It was the first major building by Fischer von Erlach, who also built the Kollegienkirche and the Markuskirche in the Old Town of Salzburg.

Mirabell garden/Palace
In 1606 Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau had a palace built outside the town walls for Salome Alt which he called "Altenau". Salome Alt was the daughter of the prominent merchant and councillor, Wilhelm Alt, and the prince archbishop's mistress. She bore him 15 children, of which 10 survived. Salome Alt had no political significance.
After Wolf Dietrich's death - he was forced to abdicate in 1612 and was held captive in the Fortress until his death - Altenau was re-named "Mirabell" by his successor, Markus Sittikus von Hohenems (1612 - 1619). Prince Archbishop Paris Lodron (1619 - 1653) included the palace and gardens in his extended ring of fortifications. He spent much of his leisure time at Mirabell which he loved and where he died on December 15, 1653.
Sound of Music Highlights: Mirabell Gardens Shown in many scenes, including where Maria and the children were seen dancing around the statue of Pegasus, the winged horse and throughout the gardens singing 'Do-Re-Mi'

Mirabell Palace: Schloss Mirabell
The Baroque masterpiece of Schloss Mirabell Palace was initially built as "Schloß Altenau" under the reign of Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau in 1606. It was a present for his concubine Salome Alt and most famous for its splendid gardens.
The Mirabell Palace is property of the City of Salzburg since 1866, and it is the office building for the city's administration including the mayor of Salzburg and other offices since 1947, when the old Rathaus was give up.

Andräkirche Church: Kirche St. Andrä
The Andräkiche or Kirche St. Andrä is a neo-Gothic church on Mirabellplatz square, facing the palace of Mirabell. The Andräkirche is a plain building that normally does not attract an awful lot of attention from locals. It is at the heart of a district that was built after the destruction of the old city walls in this part of Salzburg - the neighbourhood is called Andräviertel. The entire area is dominated by Historicist or Gründerzeit buildings, a style that is typical for Vienna but rather unusual in Salzburg; it was developed in the very late 19th century.

the morning view again from our hostel in berchtesgaden

i had 2 packs of megi that morning, and also few pancakes bought from the burger king downstairs.

our journey began with the berchtesgaden saltmine

beautiful clear river alongside the road.

ticket to enter the salt mine. 11euro.

had to wear the saltmine worker's overall, because it's a bit cold inside ( and for smooth ride via the indoor slides (there are 2 slides inside)(but we cant take picture inside :( huhu)

picture provided by them. us riding the train into the salt mine tunnel. my picture of riding the slides, however, is very ugly, hence no posting of them hehehe.

outside again, adoring the clean and clear , green water river.

we continued our journey towards salzburg, by bus.

arrived in salzburg, we checked in first into Salzburg Euro Youth Hostel (YOHO).
this is the showers.

our 6-bed hostel room. quite nice kan.

and we began strolling & exploring salzburg old & new town.

this is the linzergasse.

we had our lunch at this restaurant. the price on the board was kinda a scam.
when we were seated in the restaurant, the waiter showed us a different menu and prices were much higher. and after that, when we checked online in tripadvisor, many people had warned no to eat here. huhu.

in the menu, it wrote chicken fried rice, but i recieved this untasty plain rice with small protion of chicken. huh. and the price was 10euro or more, cant remember.

ASU's beef noodles, the beef slice were only 2-3 slices. huh!!! also 10euros or more. very expensive for a very little and untasty food.

salamander! haha, if u r a gamer, a salamander flame is for mana. hehe.

the platz. near staatsbrucke. one of the house here was where a popular scientist lived. hnmm..

staatsbrucke. the main bridge of salzbur. it links the altstadt (old town) on both sides of the salzah river between the rudolfskai.altes rathaus & the platzl/linzergasse area.

can see the rathaus (altes rathaus (old city hall)) from here.

The Residenzplatz : one of the city's largest squares and the best place from which to begin exploring the many tourist attractions this beautiful city has to offer

the Domplatz, salzburg cathederal

Residenz Palace - Fürsterzbischöfliche Residenz

Residenzbrunnen, a masterpiece of marble made by an Italian sculptor in 1661 and the largest and finest Baroque fountain this side of the Alps.
the white building behind it is the New Residenz Neugebäude & Glockenspiel

Kapitelplatz Square
Every Year, the Salzburg Foundation chooses a top-class Artist to develop a piece of public artwork in and for the city. The idea is an urban art and sculpture park of the highest quality within a period of 10 years. This piece of artwork was the result of the 6th Art Project in Salzburg. The artist, was Stephan Balkenhol and his work is known as "Sphaera" (Chapter
square) - a man on a spherical body ("Sphaera").

Kapitelschwemme Horse Well- It looks a bit like a mini-version of the Fontana di Trevi in Rome, which is probably the reason why many tourists throw coins into the shallow well.

this way up to the hohensalzburg-fortress, or u can just take the cable car up for 16euros.

sabo-ing ASU.

u get this viewfrom top of the hohensalzburg fortress.

the hohensalzburg fortress.

stables & salt storage area

stables & salt storage area

stables & salt storage area

kreutschach monument

into the castle keep

the castle keep

prince's room

golden chamber

just below the fortress, is St. Peter's Churchyard (Friedhof St. Peter), an impressive burial ground surrounded on three sides by arcades and family tombs from the 17th century. To the south, it backs onto the sheer rock face of the Mönchsberg where you'll find Early Christian catacombs and St. Maximus' Chapel, hewn from the solid rock.

meratapi ahahahahha

St. Peter's Abbey (Erzabtei St. Peter & Friedhof)

famous mozart dinner concert here

st peter's abbey

The Franciscan Church


Alter Markt Square & Salzburg's smallest house.
most people walk by the house No. 10a without noticing it - it is the smallest house of Salzburg. Look at it. Laugh at it. Take a picture.

Collegiate Church

drinking water fountain

small tunnel to go to the other street.

Sigmundstor Tunnel. on his left is the Festspielhäuser - Salzburg Festival Halls

The Herbert-von-Karajan-Platz & Pferdeschwemme (horse well)

bürgerspitalkirche st blasius
The former hospital church and today's Roman Catholic parish church of St. Blaise

Getreidegasse - Salzburg's most famous shopping lane

delicious icecream i had. 1.20euro.

aik ada pula restoren si h4na sini.

cafe mozart.

we had delicious dinner at this restaurant. nordsee.

interesting designs.

ASU said we have to try the hot choc here, but we didnt quite catch the time.

 the love bridge.

hotel sarcher salzburg

wow ade tempat nama nya wifi woh.

Dreifaltigkeitskirche - Trinity Church

Mirabell Palace: Schloss Mirabell

Andräkirche Church: Kirche St. Andrä

back at our hostel. they host plays the movie 'sound of music' every night at 8pm. nice kan.

 pictures from ASU's gp.

source: http://www.panoramatours.com/en/salzburg/salzburg-highlights & wikipedia.org & http://www.visit-salzburg.net/sights.htm

see also:
++ Trip to Germany & Austria | opening speech : http://videl-kuchiki.blogspot.com/2015/05/trip-to-germany-austria-opening-speech.html
++ Trip to Germany & Austria | Costing & itineraries : http://videl-kuchiki.blogspot.com/2015/05/trip-to-germany-austria-costing.html
++ Trip to Germany & Austria | Day 1 at Frankfurt, Germany: http://videl-kuchiki.blogspot.com/2015/06/trip-to-germany-austria-day-1-at.html
++ Trip to Germany & Austria | Day 2 at Munich, Germany: http://videl-kuchiki.blogspot.com/2015/06/trip-to-germany-austria-day-2-at-munich.html
++ Trip to Germany & Austria | Day 3 at Fussen, Bavaria, Germany: http://videl-kuchiki.blogspot.com/2015/06/trip-to-germany-austria-day-3-at-fussen.html
++ Trip to Germany & Austria | Day 4 at Berchtesgaden, Bavaria, Germany: http://videl-kuchiki.blogspot.com/2015/06/trip-to-germany-austria-day-4-at.html
++ Trip to Germany & Austria | Day 5 to Salzburg, Austria: http://videl-kuchiki.blogspot.com/2015/06/trip-to-germany-austria-day-5-to.html
++ Trip to Germany & Austria | Day 6 at Hallstatt, Austria: http://videl-kuchiki.blogspot.com/2015/07/trip-to-germany-austria-day-6-at.html

currently listening to:system of a down - b.y.o.b
currently feeling:loved
i wanna be:a supermodel~

No comments: